Vertical air photograph: A24741-71
Flight height: 26,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.456 mm
Scale: 1:51,900 (approx.)
Date: July 12, 1977
Location: Townships 24 and 25; Ranges 19 and 20W1
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62N
1:50,000 62N/1 Dauphin
Dauphin, with a population of 7,906 (2006), is the smallest, and at 51º 09' N, the northernmost of the southern cities. It is perhaps best known as the location of the Ukrainian festival that in August of each year draws people from all over
The city is located between
The three photographs included here (figure 12.3, 12.4 and 12.5) show the usefulness of differences of scale and date of photography. In figure 12.3 the city can be seen at the eastern edge of the photo in an area of good agricultural land developed on
PTHs 5A and 10A 5 enter Dauphin from the south, pass through the city 6, then exit to the west 7 (they now bypass the city to the west). Also PR 362 exits Dauphin to the north 8. The other major routeway is the CN railway line 9 that runs diagonally through Dauphin from southeast to northwest before branching into two lines in the northwest 10.
Dauphin shows the conflicting influences of the railway route and the DLS system on the settlement pattern. In section 10, township 25, range 19WI 11 in which the older part of the city is located, roads are parallel, and at right angles, to the railway line which is at roughly 45 degrees to the section lines of the DLS system. This area was settled during the late 19th century and early 20th century.[iv] The light-toned commercial area of Dauphin is X-shaped 12 rather than the more usual T-shape.
Outside section 10 on all sides of the city, the road pattern is in harmony with the DLS system 13. To the northwest the railway line separates a commercial industrial area to the northeast 14 from a residential area to the southwest 15, and a commercial strip runs south from the city along PTHs 5A and 10A 16.
Other features to note on this photo are:
1) the city’s airport is located 2 miles to the south 17; it has the characteristic triangular shape with one longer north-northwest/south-southeast trending runway 18.
2) a very faint light-toned line seen in the centre 19 and in the west 20 is the route of a buried gas pipeline. Another broken faint line 21 trending east/west is the route followed by a power line. It has a branch leading off to the northwest, best seen where it cuts across dark-toned woodland 22.
3) There is a racetrack in the southeast corner of section 10 23.
[i] Holm, G. F. ed.Geographical Names of
[ii] Sikora, H. “Dauphin: A Prairie Service Centre” in The Geography of
[iii] For details about Edwards Creek see McGinn, R. A. and Towle, J. E. “Flood Control, Erosion and Sedimentation Problems Along Edwards Creek” in The Dauphin Papers: Research by Prairie Geographers. eds. J. Welsted and J. Everitt,
[iv] For details see Selwood H. J. and Richtik J. M. “Dauphin: Emergence of the Urban Cadaster to 1908” in Welsted J. and Everitt J. op. cit. 1991, 69-78.