Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
The larger scale of this photo permits the identification of some detail not obvious on figure 8.67. The photo was taken during the spring when ice on Clear Lake 1 was beginning to disintegrate. Open water can be seen on either side 2 of the breakwater 3, but the rest of the lake is still ice-covered. On the left is the extreme eastern edge of the Clear Lake Seasonal Campground 4 with the parking lot to the east 5. Within the commercial area (outlined 6) at least one group of tourist cabins 7 can be identified. Also some service items of the National Park are seen: the Museum/Interpretative Centre 8, the Administration Building 9, the tennis courts 10, and the Community Centre 11. The patterned arrangement of sites in the Wasagaming Campground 12 is obvious. To the northwest is the area of seasonal cottages with two main roads 13 parallel to the lakeshore and others at right angles 14. PTH 10 15 can just be seen in the southeast corner.
Vertical air photograph
Photograph: D. McArthur
Scale: 1:9,500 (approx.)
Location: Township 19; Range 18 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62J Neepawa
1:50,000 62J/12 Wasagaming
1:125,000 MCR 207 Riding Mountain National Park