Chapter 8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g.
The combination of being a semi-urban tourist resort located in a national park and the strongly seasonal nature of its activities, make Wasagaming a unique settlement in
The town can be divided into five functional areas.
1. In the east is a commercial area 3 oriented towards tourists; it includes hotels, motels, cabins, restaurants, gift shops, and clothing stores.
2. Outside this area to west 4 and east 5 are the National Parks services: the park administration building; visitor and interpretation services; the fire hall; the community centre; recreational facilities such as tennis courts 6, playground, marina; and public beach 7. Also included is a large parking area 8 to accommodate large numbers of summer visitors.
3. To the east is the Clear Lake Seasonal Campground 9 opened in 1963, which consists of a very dense grouping of seasonally opened cabins and trailers. These are held by campers on a yearly basis.
4. To the west is the Wasagaming Campground 10 which offers over 500 serviced and non-serviced lots for campers. People can camp here for days or perhaps weeks, but they are not allowed to rent for the whole summer season.
5. North of the campground is the prestigious and expensive area of summer cottages occupying land leased from the park 11.[ii] Some of these are very elaborate and are handed down from generation to generation but still occupancy is possible for only a few months in summer. Since the photo was taken another sub-division has been added on the north
Other items that can be identified are the rubbish dump 13 and the maintenance compound 14 where equipment is kept. PTH 10 15 runs southeast of Wasagaming following a more direct route than the old road 16 which used to run along section lines.
Obtaining a cabin in Clear Lake Seasonal Campground is difficult, and obtaining a cottage in the upscale residential area is both difficult and expensive. Partly in consequence there has been enormous expansion of cottage buildings outside the park but in close proximity to it to make use of its facilities. Wasagaming is unique in Manitoba in that its permanent residential population is almost zero, but during busy summer weekends the influx of people make it the third largest settlement in Manitoba.
Figure 8.67: Wasagaming
Vertical air photograph: A17711-130
Flight height: 9,345 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.15 mm
Scale: 1:14,200 (approx.)
Date: July 10, 1962
Location: Township 19; Ranges 18 and 19 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62J Neepawa
1:50,000 62J/12 Wasagaming
1:125,000 MCR 207 Riding Mountain