Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Click for chapter introduction
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
On this large-scale image details of the layout of Morden can be seen with Deadhorse Creek 1 flowing through the western part of town. The CN line 2 trends east/west in the east but becomes nearer to west-northwest/east-southeast in the west 3. Two north/south section lines with roads along them run through the east 4 and west 5 of town. That in the west is Mountain Street (PR 432), the main north/south street in town. Other roads are parallel, and at right angles, to these, some of them being coincidentally parallel to the railway line in the eastern part of town. Two roads, unsurprisingly named North Railway Street 6 and South Railway Street 7, run parallel to the railway line. Although the grid predominates, there are some variations in the newer areas near the edges where curved roads 8 and bays 9 can be seen.
PTH 3 10 passes through the centre of town, and in the east it is paralleled by the CN line 11 with two elevators 12 on it. Two sidings—one north 13 and one south 14—diverge from the main line. One east/west road—Stephen Street 15—between the railway line and PTH 3 seems to be the main street; many cars can be seen on it. Along this street and in the area between it and the railway line is the main commercial zone with an abundance of large buildings 16. The town hall 17 is located just outside this zone. The land use north of the commercial zone is mainly residential with tree lined east/west and north/south roads and some bays 18 and crescents. In the northwest is a trailer park 19, a common feature on the edge of Manitoba towns. In the northeast is a large recreation complex 20 with five baseball diamonds 21 and two large buildings 22 that probably house a hockey rink and curling lanes. Given the Mennonite background of the town, several large buildings 23 may be churches. Others may be schools 24.
South of the railway line much of the land use is commercial/industrial 25 with some residential development in the southwest 26 and south 27, the latter surprisingly surrounded by commercial/industrial developments. The Agriculture Canada Research Station 28 occupies the southeast corner of the photo with associated buildings just north of the railway line 29. Several parks 30 are located along Deadhorse Creek.
Figure 8.55: Morden
Vertical air photograph: MB96002-171 P.T.H. 3
Flight height: 7,000 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.098 mm
Scale: 1:11,800 (approx.)
Date: May 27, 1996
Location: Township 3; Range 5 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/1 Morden