Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
Landmark is a small settlement located on the Red River Plain 25 km southeast of Winnipeg. It is a relatively new settlement dating from the 1920s when several Mennonite families purchased land in the area. It is now largely a dormitory community for Winnipeg. Like its larger neighbour to the southeast, Steinbach, it is not located on a railway line. Despite its newness and the lack of any topographic hindrance to building, the monotonous grid prevails; only in the northeast is there one crescent 1 and one bay 2. Single-family dwellings 3 predominate mainly along the north/south trending roads. Trees have been planted around most properties 4. The main road is a widening 5 of PR 206 6 that runs along a section line. A group of large buildings 7, possibly the administrative centre, is located west of the main street. Other items of infrastructure that can be identified are: in the southeast, a sports centre 8, including six baseball diamonds 9 and a large building 10 that might house curling lanes or a hockey rink; and two schools 11. Landmark is located in an area of fertile soils, now well drained, but subject to wet conditions as indicated by dark patches west of town 12. Its main industry is a livestock and poultry feed supplier that may be located in one of the unidentified large buildings. Its proximity to Winnipeg results in an increasing population, now over 1000.
Vertical colour air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: lens focal length:
Scale: 1:9,500 (approx.)
Location: Township 8; Range 5 E
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg
1:50,000 62H/10 Ste Anne