Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Click for chapter introduction
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
The Town of Beausejour (population 2,823 in 2006) is located in eastern Manitoba, about 45 km northeast of Winnipeg. Although the CP line 1 runs east-southeast/west-northwest through town, roads are oriented in harmony with the DLS system. The main commercial street, Park Avenue 2, is located along the fourth baseline of the DLS between townships 12 and 13. North/south roads on either side of the baseline are not continuous across it; and the jog at Park Avenue 3 is a chance result rather than a systematic jog as on either side of a correction line. The roads along section lines in the west 4 and to the east of town 5 are exceptions. Most of the town, especially in the north, has a grid pattern, although some roads close to the railway line 6 are parallel to it and some bays 7, and circles 8 are seen in the south. The latter are newer developments. A small trailer park is seen in the northwest 9. Many large buildings 10, probably stores, are located along Park Avenue. Two elevators 11 are located on the railway line.
Various individual items of infrastructure can be identified:
a) A school 12 can be seen, with a racetrack to the east 13.
b) A large building 14 just north of the elevators, may be an arena.
c) A Y-shaped building 15 south of the railway line, near the elevators, may be a hospital.
d) Another large building in the south 16 may be a hotel/motel (Beausejour is the gateway to “cottage country” to the east).
e) In the southeast is a large sports complex which includes: four baseball diamonds 17; two large buildings 18 which may house curling rinks (Beausejour has played host to Zone and Provincial Bonspiels); a blue area 19 which may be an outdoor pool; and in the extreme southeast a long oval track 20, which is a power toboggan track (Beausejour hosts the Annual Canadian Power Toboggan Championship Races). A grandstand is located to the west 21.
f) North of the recreational area is a shopping centre 22 with numerous parked cars 23 outside it. Light-toned areas in the west 24 are disused quarries; one of them has filled with water 25. A jetty 26 projecting into it suggests that it has recreational use.
Figure 8.47: Beausejour
Vertical colour air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: lens focal length:
Scale: 1:11,000 (approx.)
Location: Townships 12 and 13; Range 7 E
Map sheets: 1:240,000 62I Selkirk
1:50,000 62I/2 Selkirk