Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Click for chapter introduction
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
Figure 8.40 is at a much larger scale than figure 8.39 enabling a more detailed interpretation. The Souris River 1 occupies a steep-sided mainly wooded valley 2 in this area. Plum Creek 3 and Elgin Creek 4 can be more clearly seen than in figure 8.39. PTH 22 5 is the main connection between north and south town, but just below the bridge where it crosses the Souris 6 is a faint line 7; this is a foot bridge advertised in brochures as Souris’s swinging bridge. It was taken out by ice during the 1976 flood but has since been rebuilt. Further downstream is another faint line crossing the river 8; this is a weir to raise the river level for water supply. A wooded park is located around the junction of Plum Creek and the Souris River 9.
The main street in Souris (population 1,772 in 2006—up from 1,683 in 2001) is a wide north-south section line 10 along which several large buildings can be seen. A large building to the west 11 is the town’s arena, and in the east is a large school 12. Although the road plan is mainly a grid, exceptions occur. An attractively located string of stores is located on a curved street at the top of a bluff on the north side of the Souris 13, and two roads south of the river are curved 14.
Along the railway line north of town are elevators 15, and rows of railcars can be seen on sidings 16. Another large elevator 17 can be seen on a spur line east of Plum Creek. The town’s dump—strangely termed the “nuisance grounds” in southern Manitoba—is unwisely located on the north bank of the Souris 18. Further east is a drive-in cinema 19; the projection booth, screen and parking lines can all be identified. In the same general area are two large gravel pits 20, well-known in southern Manitoba for the agates found in them and in the academic community for the fact that gravels in them have a greater mineralogical affinity with rocks to the west rather than the north, suggesting that they were deposited by ice flowing from the west.
Figure 8.40: Souris
Vertical air photograph: A20811-78
Flight height: 10,300 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 6 inches
Scale: 1:17,100 (approx.)
Date: September 28, 1968
Location: Township 7 and 8; Range 21 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden
1:50,000 62F/9 Souris