Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Click for chapter introduction
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and Shoal Lake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
The Town of Carberry (population 1,502 in 2006) is located in a relatively flat part of the Assiniboine Delta. The photo was taken soon after the snowmelt, so a lot of standing water can be seen 1 as can wash lines indicating where water used to be 2. The town is located above the Assiniboine Delta Aquifer that provides abundant good quality ground water for residential and industrial use.
The CP line runs generally east/west through the area 3 with the north/south CN line 4 intersecting it at right angles.[i] Elevators are located on both lines 5. Roads in the town run parallel to and at right angles to the railway lines with most of them north of the CP and west of the CN line and at an angle to the DLS grid system. PTH 5 6 bypasses the town to the east and provincial road 351 7 runs through the northern edge of town.
The scale of the photo is smaller than that of figure 8.18. Nonetheless, some items of the town’s infrastructure can be identified: a long building in the north is probably a rink 8, a cemetery is located northwest of town 9, a racing track is to the southwest 10,[ii] and sewage lagoons are to the east 11.
In the south is, or was, Carberry airfield 12 that has the characteristic triangular shape of small prairie airfields.[iii] The field is no longer in use for airplanes but the buildings 13, including some built after the airport was abandoned, are used for processing potatoes. The uniformly textured sandy soils around Carberry, coupled with the availability of ground water for irrigation, make the area ideal for potato growing. The RM of North Cypress, in which Carberry is located, has the greatest area of irrigated crops of any rural municipality in Manitoba. Irrigation acreage in the RM increased from 8,601 acres (3,482 hectares) in 1988 to 54,417 acres (22,031 hectares) in 2001.[iv]
Figure 8.20: Carberry
Air photo: A23692-161
Flight height: 13,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 6 inches
Scale: 1:24,400 (approx.)
Date: May 13, 1974
Location: Township 10; Ranges 14 and 15 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/14 Carberry
[i] Carberry was supposed to be located at a different site, but was moved at the whim of the railway builders. For details see Tyman, J. L. By Section Township and Range (Second Printing). Brandon: Brandon University, 1995, 42-43.
[ii] Harness racing is a traditional summer pastime in small settlements in southern Manitoba.
[iii] This shape allows for landing and take-off in six different wind directions.
[iv] For details see Gaia Consulting 2001 Manitoba Irrigation Survey. Portage la Prairie: The Association of Irrigation in Manitoba, 2002, figure 2.