Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern Manitoba. Most settlements are located on railway lines, and many have a characteristic T-shape with the bar of the T being a road that parallels the railway line and the stem being a major road at right angles to the line. This shape occurs in the smallest of hamlets (e.g. Coulter) as well as towns (e.g. Carberry) and cities (e.g. Brandon).
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g. Rapid City and ShoalLake). In a few cases the direction of the railway line is directly east/west or north/south so that roads that are parallel, and at right angles, to it also harmonize with the DLS. Other settlements have an older part in which roads are oriented with respect to the railway line and a newer part in which roads harmonize with the DLS (e.g. Holland and Elkhorn). Finally, a few newer settlements (Shilo, Wasagaming and Pinawa) have no direct connection with a railway line, nor do roads harmonize with the DLS, other factors such as natural features and the whim of planners determining road directions.
The town of Killarney is an agricultural centre in southern Manitoba, located on ground moraine topography, north of KillarneyLake 1. In some respects it is similar to Rivers (figure 8.17) in that most of the built-up area is located on one side of the railway line, in this case the south. The CN line 2 crosses the area from west-northwest to east-southeast. Killarney’s function as an agricultural centre is reflected in the fact that four elevators 3 were located on the line at the date the photo was taken. Roads run parallel to and at right angles to the line with one of the latter somewhat wider than the others 4. This is the main street along which several large buildings 5—stores and administrative buildings—are located. Main Street and the railway line form the T-shape characteristic of many prairie towns. Only in the south are roads influenced by the DLS system 6, and a few roads follow the lake outline 7. PTH 18 8 bypasses the town to the east.
The large scale of the photo makes it possible to identify individual buildings. Two large buildings, one near the centre of town 9 and one in the west 10, are probably schools, and the large round-topped building east of Main Street is the arena 11.
Killarney is a relatively prosperous agricultural center. It decreased in size from 2,366 in 1976 to 2,208 in 1996. It showed a modest increase to 2,221 in 2001 but dropped to 2,199 in 2006.