Chapter 8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g.
The town of
Although the air photo scale is small, some of the town’s infrastructure can be identified. A series of large buildings near the southern edge of town 9 are probably stores and a hotel; schools can be seen in the north 10 and west 11; and sewage lagoons 12 and a cemetery 13 are located outside town.
In the southern part of the Little Saskatchewan Valley is an area of outwash deposits 14, identified by remnants of water channels on the surface, with a large light-toned gravel pit 15 served by the CP line. Several other gravel pits 16 are located in the valley.
The Little Saskatchewan has been dammed to produce Lake Wahtopanah 17, originally for flood control and water supply, but recently it has attracted some recreational development along its shores 18. Both the dam 19 and a spillway at its south end 20 can be identified.
Rivers has had a checkered history. During WW II a Commonwealth Air Force Training Base was located at Rivers airport,[i] just off the photo to the west. It continued as a Canadian Forces Base until the 1960s when it was closed. Various attempts have been made—none of them very successful—to locate industries in the buildings of the base. Some of the buildings that housed people serving at the base can be seen in the southwest corner 21. Atypically, they are arranged along a mixture of straight and curved roads. The closing of the base and the failure of the industries led to a 29 percent drop in population between 1961 and 1996 (from 1,574 to 1,117), but it evened out at 1,119 in 2001 and increased to 1,193 in 2006.
The buildings seen in the southwest were houses for troops at the base. Here in this relatively modern development, we finally see roads with curves, almost completely absent from settlements show in figures 8.1 to 8.16.
Figure 8.17: Rivers
Vertical air photo: A20472-71
Flight height: 21,900 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 6 inches
Scale: 1:40,400 (approx.)
Date: May 23, 1968
Location: Townships 12 and 13; Ranges 20 and 21 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62K Riding Mountain
1:50,000 62K/1 Rivers
[i] Rivers was one of many such bases located across the prairies during World War II. The aim was to train flyers from Commonwealth countries in areas of flat land in the relative safety of