Chapter 8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g.
Elphinstone is another hamlet with a road pattern determined by the railway line; but here the CP line 1 follows a curved route to cross the Little Saskatchewan River 2. As a result the road nearest the line is also curved 3 with other roads as near as possible at right angles. Surprisingly for such a small settlement (population 201 in 1986) in an agriculturally marginal area, there are three elevators 4 on the line. East of the settlement is a racetrack 5.
North and east of Elphinstone is the Keeseekoowenin First Nation (boundary marked by dashed line). Much of the area is wooded 6. In this topographically complicated area the rigid grid of the DLS breaks down under the influence of the topography. The CP line is curved to follow the Little Saskatchewan River valley. PTH 45 7 is curved, and PR 354 from the south 8 bends as it crosses the Little Saskatchewan River.
Figure 8.13: Elphinstone
Vertical air photograph: A11569-169
Flight height: 7,920 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.4 mm
Scale: 1:15,100 (approx.)
Date: August 18, 1948
Location: Township 18; Range 21 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62K Riding Mountain
1:50,000 62K/9 Elphinstone