Chapter 8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
Two factors—railway lines and the DLS system— influence the location and form of settlements in southern
The arrangement can produce a road orientation that is at an angle to the squares of the DLS (e.g. Hartney and Dauphin). Other settlements have a road system that harmonizes with the DLS into which the urban pattern is slotted, with roads trending north/south and east/west (e.g.
The small hamlet of Coulter in the southwestern corner of
The Souris River 5 flows northward on the flat floor of a steep-sided spillway 6. The large southward loop by the railway line 7 seems anomalous, but it exists so that the railway can run obliquely down/up the spillway sides 8 avoiding steep gradients. The road—PR 251 9—is more tolerant of steep slopes, but even so it runs obliquely across the west bank of the spillway 10 before passing north of Coulter.
Other features of note in this flat, semi-arid area open to strong winds are: the scarcity of trees except in draws in the spillway banks—especially the west side 11 that faces north of west and therefore has a wetter microclimate than the opposite side; several dugouts 12; four small dams 13 designed to retain water in ephemeral creeks; and barriers along the railway line 14 to retain drifting snow.
Figure 8.1: Coulter
Vertical air photograph: A16390-150
Flight height: 10,500 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.63 mm
Scale 1:17,700 (approx.)
Date: October 16, 1958
Location: Townships 1 and 2; Ranges 26 and 27 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden
1:50,000 62F/2 Waskada