Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
7: Survey Systems
Click for chapter introduction
Land holdings in most of southern Manitoba have been determined using one of two systems. The older long-lot system, derived from the St. Lawrence lowlands in Quebec, is found along the Red River, along the Assiniboine River west to Portage la Prairie, as well as in several other isolated areas. Lots were laid out at right angles to the river, resulting in a distinctive pattern easily observed on remotely sensed images. The DSL system, which divided land into one square mile sections, was applied to virtually all other areas. The resulting squared pattern is a prominent feature on remotely sensed images. Interesting situations occur where the two systems come into contact. The DLS system was amended several times, but in Manitoba there is evidence of only the first and third systems. Careful interpretation of air photos can reveal the differences between the two systems.
7.15: Correction Line Between Townships 10 and 11 Near Hargrave in Western Manitoba
The size of the correction between townships increases every range west in Manitoba. Land in this photo lies within ranges 26, 27 WI, and 28 WI close to the Saskatchewan border. The correction can be seen by tracing the range line between ranges 26 and 27W11 north to the boundary between townships 10 and 11 2. Here it jogs well over a mile to the west 3. By doing the same with the range line between ranges 27 and 28 WI 4, it can be seen that there is a similar jog 5. Even though the photo is small-scale, it is clear that the latter jog is slightly larger. Just to the west of this area is the Manitoba/Saskatchewan border which lies along the range line between ranges 29 and 30 WI where the jog is about 1.25 miles (2 km).
Patterned ground covers the area, the pattern being emphasized by the distribution of tree patches 6 and bald crests due to rain splash 7. Drainage is to the southeast by a series of small creeks including Bosshill Creek 8 and Gopher Creek 9, both of which flow to the Assiniboine River (off the photo to the east).
Population in this agricultural area is sparse, reflected in the fact that gravel roads—light-toned 10—have been constructed along only some of the section lines, despite the fact that in the First System of the DLS road allowances occur along all section lines. One gravel road 11, runs east/west across the area. In the north is the CP line 12 with Hargrave 13—the only settlement on the area—located on it. Paralleling the line and north of it is the Trans-Canada Highway 14. PTH 83 15 is the main north/south route.
Figure 7.15: Correction Line Between Townships 10 and 11 Near Hargrave in Western Manitoba
Vertical air photograph: A21794-28
Flight height: 24,100 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 85.611 mm
Scale: 1:79,200 (approx.)
Date: August 2, 1970
Location: Townships 9, 10, and 11; Ranges 26, 27, and 28 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden
1:50,000 62F//14 Elkhorn