Search Textbook

Table of Contents

Chapter 7: Survey Systems

7.1: Long Lots Along the Red River Plain South of Winnipeg

This high level, small-scale photo shows the Red River Plain south of Winnipeg. Here the Red River is etched into Lake Agassiz lacustrine clays. It 1 meanders, but there is no clear evidence of meander scrolls or abandoned channels so obvious on the freely meandering Assiniboine (figures 3.24-3.30). The channel is clearly defined and uniform in width about 500 feet (152 m).

Although the scale is small and not much detail can be seen, the long lots characteristic of the Red River Plain are obvious 2. “The first lots surveyed were on the west side of the Forks [between the Red and Assiniboine Rivers], north of Point Douglas…. Similar lots were laid out along other sections of the Red and later along the Assiniboine River. By 1870 river lots extended along the Red from about 11 miles (17.7 km) south of the Forks to north of Selkirk. Long strip lots also lined the Assiniboine as far west as Portage la Prairie.”[i] As far as possible they were oriented at right angles to the riverfront 3, but with a meandering river this was not always possible 4.

Most of the land has been cleared for agriculture, but some woodland—dark-toned—remains 5. The francophone village of St. Adolphe 6 is located in the south and in the north is St. Norbert 7, now a part of metropolitan Winnipeg.[ii] Also in the north is the south end of the Red River Floodway 8 (without water at this date) designed to carry water around Winnipeg at times of potential flood. PTH 75 9, the main road from the United States to Winnipeg, is located west of the river. Also in the west—paralleling PTH 75 in places—is the CN Railway line 10. East of the river PR 200 11 runs between St. Adolphe and Winnipeg.

Figure 7.1: Long Lots Along the Red River Plain South of Winnipeg

Figure 7.1: Long Lots Along the Red River Plain South of Winnipeg

Figure 7.1

Vertical air photograph: A21666-134

Flight height: 22,420 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 85.611 mm

Scale: 1:79,000 (approx.)

Date: July 21, 1970

Location of the mouth of the Red River Floodway: 49º 45 N, 97º 07' W

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg

1:50,000 62H/11 St. Adolphe



[i] Kaye, B. “The Historical Development of the Cultural Landscape of Manitoba to 1870” in The Geography of Manitoba: Its Land and Its People eds. J. Welsted, J. Everitt and C. Stadel. Winnipeg: The University of Manitoba Press, 1996, 83.

[ii] There is a cluster of francophone settlements along, and immediately adjacent to, the Red River plain; for a map showing their distribution see Lehr, J. C. “Settlement: The Making of a Landscape” in Welsted, Everitt and Stadel op. cit., 1996, figure 7.3, 99.