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Table of Contents
Foreword
Preface
Glossary

Chapter 6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements

6.5: Location of Brandon House 1 and 2 Near the Junction of the Souris and Assiniboine Rivers

 

The photograph shows the southward-flowing Assiniboine River 1 just above its junction with the Souris River (off the photo to the southeast). When at its highest level, Lake Agassiz extended up the Assiniboine Valley as far west as eastern Brandon. The gravel pit 2 is excavated into one of the highest Lake Agassiz strandlines. At the date the photo was taken—late October—aspen (Populus tremuloides) trees, that are common along river and creek valleys, had bright yellow leaves resulting in light tones on the photo 3.

During the fur trade era, rivers were the main transport routes in Manitoba, and the Hudson’s Bay Company, the North West Company, as well as some independent traders, established trading posts along rivers. Several were located in the vicinity of the Assiniboine-Souris junction. Hudson’s Bay Company posts, Brandon House 1 and 2, were located east 4 and west 5 of the river respectively. Brandon House 1 operated during 1793-1818 before being burned and looted, and then again from 1821 to 1824. Brandon House 2 was shorter lived—1821 to 1824. Neither can be seen on the photo although in 1966, it was claimed that the outlines of Brandon House 2 could be seen in wheat fields.[i]

Figure 6.5: Location of Brandon House 1 and 2 Near the Junction of the Souris and Assiniboine Rivers

Figure 6.5: Location of Brandon House 1 and 2 Near the Junction of the Souris and Assiniboine Rivers

Figure 6.5

Vertical air photograph

Flight height: 13,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length 151.87 mm

Scale: 1:24,400 (approx.)

Date: October 11, 1966

Location: Township 8; Range 17 WI

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon 

1:50,000 62G/12 Wawanesa

Notes

[i] Kavanagh, M. The Assiniboine Basin (Second Edition). Old Woking, Surrey, England: n.p., 1966, 31.