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Table of Contents
Foreword
Preface
Glossary

Chapter 6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements

6.4: The Location of Fort Ellice on the Assiniboine River South of St. Lazare

Fort Ellice 1, a Hudson’s Bay Company Trading post, was established in 1831 on the west side of the Assiniboine Valley overlooking the Assiniboine 2 to the east and Beaver Creek 3 to the south. The latter is now dammed 4 to produce a reservoir 5 for agricultural water supply. In 1870 when the Hudson Bay Company possessions were taken over by the Dominion of Canada, the company received compensation including a 3000-acre reserve (bounded by the dashed line) at Fort Ellice.

One of the Prairie trails that preceded the railway era crossed the Assiniboine at Fort Ellice en route to locations now in Saskatchewan. Riverboats were active on the Assiniboine for a short period in the late 1800s. Steamers travelled from Winnipeg to Fort Ellice and returned in 12 days. For most of the steamship era, Fort Ellice was regarded as the head of navigation on the Assiniboine, but in 1881 The Manitoba travelled upstream to Fort Pelly, now in Saskatchewan.[i] However, neither this stretch of river nor the Fort Ellice-Winnipeg stretch was used for long: with the arrival of the railway, steamship travel on the Assiniboine became obsolete by the mid 1880s.

Figure 6.4: The Location of Fort Ellice on the Assiniboine River South of St. Lazare

Figure 6.4: The Location of Fort Ellice on the Assiniboine River South of St. Lazare

Figure 6.4

Vertical air photograph: A18623-12

Flight height: 9,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.13 mm

Scale: 1:16,500 (approx.)

Date: September 27, 1964

Location: Township 17; Range 28 WI

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62K Riding Mountain

1:50,000 62K/6 Birtle

Notes

[i] Macoun, J. Manitoba and the Great Northwest. Guelph, Ontario:World Publishing Company, 1882,584.