Search Textbook

Table of Contents

Chapter 17: Parks, Recreation, Sports

17.1: The International Peace Garden


The International Peace Garden was the dream of Dr. Henry Moore, an Islington, Ontario horticulturalist. “He wanted a “garden” somewhere along the International Boundary of Canada and the United States that would recognize and commemorate the peace and goodwill between these two great countries.”[i] In July 1931, Manitoba and North Dakota offered joining tracks of land free of cost in the scenic Turtle Mountains. “The location is almost the exact centre between the Atlantic and the Pacific and about 30 miles north of the exact centre of the North American continent which is at Rugby (North Dakota, United States of America).”[ii] The Peace Garden encompassing 2339 acres (947 hectares)—888 acres (359.5 hectares) in North Dakota and 1451 acres (587 hectares) in Canada—was dedicated on July 14, 1932 with 50,000 in attendance. It has since become the focal point for a variety of youth camps.

Shown here is part of the Peace Garden at an early stage of development. It is located in the lake-studded Turtle Mountains. North of the border 1 is Lake Stormon 2 and to the south Lake Udall 3.The Canadian side is mainly wooded 4 whereas extensive clearing has occurred to the south 5. PTH 10 6 connecting Boissevain (off the photo to the north) and Dunseith (off the photo to the south) crosses the border in the east. Customs buildings can be seen on both sides of the border (7 and 8); tourists have to pass through at least one set of customs when they visit the Peace Garden. An arch 9 crosses the border just west of PTH 10, and a formal garden 10 culminates in a sunken garden 11. A one-way road encircles both Lake Stormon 12 and Lake Udall 13.

Figure 17.1: The International Peace Garden

Figure 17.1: The International Peace Garden

Figure 17.1

Vertical air photograph: A19903-28

Flight height: 9,950 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.14 mm

Scale: 1:20,000 (approx.)

Date: May 16, 1967

Location: Township 1; Range 20WI

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden

                    1:50,000 62F/1 Deloraine