Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
16: Water Resources
Click for chapter introduction
Manitoba has an abundant supply of surface water with many large lakes and thousands of smaller ones (chapter 2). However, much of the water is in the north or drains to the north where there is a sparse population. In the south dams and reservoirs have been constructed to conserve water in some areas, whereas in other places projects were designed to drain water from the land to make it suitable for cultivation. The province’s rivers offered enormous potential for hydroelectric power, much of which has now been exploited, starting with a small-scale project on the Little Saskatchewan River and progressing to large projects on the Winnipeg, Saskatchewan and Nelson rivers. Two thermal power stations at Brandon and Selkirk on the Assiniboine and Red rivers illustrate the need for an assurred water supply. Flooding has been a problem since the earliest days of the province, especially along the Assiniboine and Red rivers culminating in the 1997 “Flood of the Century” in the Red River Valley. Dams, diversions and ring dikes are used to divert the floodwaters to less critical areas.
16.65: Ring Dike at St. Adolphe
St. Adolphe, located on the east side of the northward-flowing Red River 1, is another community protected by a ring dike 2. North/south trending PR 200 3 runs through the western part of “town”, and east/west PR 210 4 defines the northern edge of the community and crosses the Red River in the northwest 5. PR 200 is divided as it passes through St. Adolphe and has several large buildings just east of it, one cluster in the south 6 and the other in the centre 7. In the southeast are two large buildings, probably the hockey arena 8 and curling rink 9.
The road pattern in St. Adolphe is unusual in that, although St. Adolphe is in an area where the long lot survey applied, it has not influenced the road system; nor are the roads in harmony with the DLS system. Crescents 10, bays 11, and circles can be seen 12. Note also there is no railway line.
In the northeast stubble is being burned 13 indicating a late summer/early fall photo. Wind direction at the time the photo was taken was from the south.
Figure 16.65: Ring Dike at St. Adolphe
Vertical colour air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: ; lens focal length:
Location: Township 8; Range 3 E (St. Adolphe lies within the area of long lot surveys, but this is the location if the DLS system applied)
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg
1:50,000 62H/11 St. Adolphe