Manitoba has an abundant supply of surface water with many large lakes and thousands of smaller ones (chapter 2). However, much of the water is in the north or drains to the north where there is a sparse population. In the south dams and reservoirs have been constructed to conserve water in some areas, whereas in other places projects were designed to drain water from the land to make it suitable for cultivation. The province’s rivers offered enormous potential for hydroelectric power, much of which has now been exploited, starting with a small-scale project on the Little Saskatchewan River and progressing to large projects on the Winnipeg, Saskatchewan and Nelson rivers. Two thermal power stations at Brandon and Selkirk on the Assiniboine and Red rivers illustrate the need for an assurred water supply. Flooding has been a problem since the earliest days of the province, especially along the Assiniboine and Red rivers culminating in the 1997 “Flood of the Century” in the Red River Valley. Dams, diversions and ring dikes are used to divert the floodwaters to less critical areas.
St. Jean Baptiste 1 located west of the north-flowing Red River 2 is, like Morris to the north of it, protected from flooding by a ring dike 3. In this case the divided PTH 75 4 between Winnipeg and the U.S. border bypasses the community, but the old north/south road 5 used to pass through it. The CN railway line 6 runs just east of this road. PR 217 exits St. Jean Baptiste and crosses the Red 7. The main commercial area of St. Jean Baptiste is along the old north/south road that widens in the centre of “town”. Large buildings 8 are principally located along this road, but two large buildings are east of the railway line; they are probably a hockey arena 9 and a curling rink 10.
It is noticeable that the sewage lagoons 11 and a recreational area 12 are located outside the dike. Flooding of the recreational area would not cause great distress, but flooding of the sewage lagoons could cause major problems.
Vertical colour air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: lens focal length:
Location: Township 4; Range 1 E
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg
1:50,000 62H/6 Morris