Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
16: Water Resources
Click for chapter introduction
Manitoba has an abundant supply of surface water with many large lakes and thousands of smaller ones (chapter 2). However, much of the water is in the north or drains to the north where there is a sparse population. In the south dams and reservoirs have been constructed to conserve water in some areas, whereas in other places projects were designed to drain water from the land to make it suitable for cultivation. The province’s rivers offered enormous potential for hydroelectric power, much of which has now been exploited, starting with a small-scale project on the Little Saskatchewan River and progressing to large projects on the Winnipeg, Saskatchewan and Nelson rivers. Two thermal power stations at Brandon and Selkirk on the Assiniboine and Red rivers illustrate the need for an assurred water supply. Flooding has been a problem since the earliest days of the province, especially along the Assiniboine and Red rivers culminating in the 1997 “Flood of the Century” in the Red River Valley. Dams, diversions and ring dikes are used to divert the floodwaters to less critical areas.
16.60: The Central Part of the Red River Plain
The photo shows part of the excessively flat Red River Plain through which the Red River 1 meanders northwards passing east of St. Jean Baptiste 2 and Morris 3. Two abandoned channels can be seen east of Morris 4. Much of the drainage to the Red River from the west has been channelized. Furthest south the Plum River 5, which enters the Red 6 below St. Jean Baptiste, is joined by the straightened Deadhorse Creek 7. To the north, Kronsgart Drain is channelized in the west 8 and eventually wanders into the Red 9. Furthest north, the Morris River 10 is joined by Shannon Creek that is channelized in the west 11.
Morris is located at the intersection of north/south trending PTH 75 12 and east/west PTH 23 13. In the south PTH 75 bypasses St. Jean 14. The CN railway line follows the river 15 passing through both Morris 16 and St. Jean 17, whereas the CP line 18 passes through Morris 19 and then leads off to the southwest 20. A ring dike 21 has been built around Morris to protect it from flooding.
The long lot system of land division is practised along the Red resulting in long narrow fields 22, whereas the DLS system with its characteristic square sections is practised east 23 and west 24 of the riverbank zone. Although it has no topographic representation, it should be noted that the principal meridian of the DLS system 25 runs through this area.
Figure 16.60: The Central Part of the Red River Plain
Vertical air photograph: A21744-31
Flight height: 22,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 88.611 mm
Scale: 1:82,300 (approx.)
Date: July 25, 1970
Location: Township 3, 4 and 5; Range 1W and 1 and 2E
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg
1:50,000 62H/6 Morris