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Table of Contents
Foreword
Preface
Glossary

Chapter 16: Water Resources

16.34: Part of the Lower Churchill River Before the Churchill Diversion

The upper Churchill River in Saskatchewan and northwest and north-central Manitoba consists of a series of lakes connected by short stretches of river channel, but in northeast Manitoba it has a more clearly defined channel. Shown here is part of the lower Churchill 1 below Billard Lake 2 just off the western edge of the photo. The river flows east from Billard Lake before taking a sharp bend 3—probably structurally determined—to flow northwards. Several islands 4 are located within the river channel with sand bars 5 extending from them as well as at the mouths of small tributaries 6. For reference purposes note the small lake 7 south of a small tributary 8.

This area exhibits typical Canadian Shield topography with numerous lakes which vary in tone from almost white 9 to almost black 10 depending on the sun/water surface/camera direction relationship. The light-gray tone 11 of much of the area is typical of open lichen woodland vegetation.[i]

Figure 16.34: Part of the Lower Churchill River Before the Churchill Diversion

Figure 16.34: Part of the Lower Churchill River Before the Churchill Diversion

Figure 16.34

Vertical air photograph: A14125-21

Flight height: 31,000 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 153.19 mm

Scale: 1:61,700 (approx.)

Date: July 1, 1954

Location of the small lake #7: 57º 11'N; 95º 58'W

Map sheets: 1:250,000 54E Herchmer

64M Northern Indian Lake

                    1:50,000 54E/4 Embleton Lake

Notes

[i] The area is located in the open lichen woodland vegetation zone. See Scott G. A. J. “Manitoba’s Ecoclimatic Regions” in The Geography of Manitoba: Its Land and Its People eds. J. Welsted, J. Everitt, and C. Stadel. Winnipeg: The University of Manitoba Press, 1996, figure 4.2, 45.