Chapter 15: Industry/Manufacturing
1) extraction industries, including oil drilling, rock quarrying, gravel pits, and mining.
2) processing industries which are divided into three: a) mechanical processing including saw mills, grain mills, ore concentration plants, hydroelectric plants, water purification plants, and sewage treatment plants; b) chemical processing including petroleum refining and production of chemicals; and c) heat processing including thermal electric plants, cement production plants, and iron production plants.
3) fabrication industries which involve the “use of the output of processing industries to form or assemble finished products.”[iii] Examples are production of structural steel, shipbuilding, and locomotive and car production. These are the most difficult to identify on air photographs because activities are hidden from view in well-constructed buildings and enclosures.
Not all of these industries are found in Manitoba, but a few examples are shown here, and others have been shown in previous photos, for example, oil drilling (figures 13.11 and 13.12), gravel pits (figures 13.1 to 13.8), and mining (figures 13.9 and 13.10). Some activities associated with water—hydroelectric plants and sewage treatment plants—are included in the section on water resources.
[i] Todd, D. “
[ii] Avery, T. E. and
[iii] Avery, T. E. and
15.5: Industry in Eastern Brandon
Dating from 1970 Brandon’s city boundaries extend far to the east of the built up area, providing space for industry and associated developments which are not deemed desirable for residential areas.
This photo is centred further east than figure 15.4, but many of the same things can be seen: the chemical plant in the west 1, the thermal electric plant further north 2, and the CP line 3 with the Grand Valley site to the north 4. But some changes can also be seen. The square reservoir shown on figure 15.3 (#27) 5 exists here as does another further east 6. The more circular reservoir (#2 on figure 15.4)—full on figure 15.4—is empty here 7. Also the reservoir north of the power plant has been extended eastward, and the newer part is now full 8; as well, a new discharge line has been cut through the woodland to the
Section 8, township 10, range 18WI has changed considerably. In addition to the new reservoir in the southeast corner 6, the city’s dump now occupies the northwest quarter 10. North/south 11 and east/west 12 pits have been excavated and will eventually be filled with garbage. The circular feature in the northeast corner 13 is not identified.
A complex of gravel pits occurs at the intersection of sections 8, 9, 16 and 17 14. The railway line that serves the power station continues into this area 15, and another further south 16 is now abandoned. In the north, PR 457 17 links
Figure 15.5: Industry in Eastern Brandon
Vertical air photograph: A25529-226
Flight height: 9,200 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.034 mm
Scale: 1:16,500 (approx.)
Date: August 2, 1980
Location: Township 10, Range 18 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/13 Brandon
1:25,000 62G/13d Brandon