Chapter 15: Industry/Manufacturing
1) extraction industries, including oil drilling, rock quarrying, gravel pits, and mining.
2) processing industries which are divided into three: a) mechanical processing including saw mills, grain mills, ore concentration plants, hydroelectric plants, water purification plants, and sewage treatment plants; b) chemical processing including petroleum refining and production of chemicals; and c) heat processing including thermal electric plants, cement production plants, and iron production plants.
3) fabrication industries which involve the “use of the output of processing industries to form or assemble finished products.”[iii] Examples are production of structural steel, shipbuilding, and locomotive and car production. These are the most difficult to identify on air photographs because activities are hidden from view in well-constructed buildings and enclosures.
Not all of these industries are found in Manitoba, but a few examples are shown here, and others have been shown in previous photos, for example, oil drilling (figures 13.11 and 13.12), gravel pits (figures 13.1 to 13.8), and mining (figures 13.9 and 13.10). Some activities associated with water—hydroelectric plants and sewage treatment plants—are included in the section on water resources.
[i] Todd, D. “
[ii] Avery, T. E. and
[iii] Avery, T. E. and
15.4: Chemical Plant and Thermal Electric Power Station East of Brandon
This photo is an extension eastward of Figure 15.3 at a slightly larger scale. In the southwest is the chemical plant seen in figure 15.3 1 with some slight differences; for example the square reservoir (#27 on figure 15.3) does not exist, but south of the plant is a reservoir 2 created by a dam 3. The reservoir empties eastward onto wasteland. Also different is the fact that part of the gravel pit in the northeast of 18,10,18WI is now flooded 4.
In the north the CPR line 5 crosses the eastward-flowing Assiniboine 6 with the Grand Valley Historical site (the original
The railway line continues east 21 and splits at 22 before running into a complex area of gravel pits in the northeast corner of 8, 10,18WI 23. Section 8,10,18WI appears to be occupied mainly by wasteland, but in the centre is a shelterbelt 24 that surrounds an abandoned farmhouse. In the south is a disused railway line 25.
Figure 15.4: Chemical Plant and Thermal Electric Power Station East of Brandon
Vertical air photograph: 7207-5
Flight height: ; lens focal length:
Scale: 1:15,100 (approx.)
Location: Township 10, Range 18W1
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/13 Brandon
1:25,000 62G/13d Brandon