Chapter 15: Industry/Manufacturing
1) extraction industries, including oil drilling, rock quarrying, gravel pits, and mining.
2) processing industries which are divided into three: a) mechanical processing including saw mills, grain mills, ore concentration plants, hydroelectric plants, water purification plants, and sewage treatment plants; b) chemical processing including petroleum refining and production of chemicals; and c) heat processing including thermal electric plants, cement production plants, and iron production plants.
3) fabrication industries which involve the “use of the output of processing industries to form or assemble finished products.”[iii] Examples are production of structural steel, shipbuilding, and locomotive and car production. These are the most difficult to identify on air photographs because activities are hidden from view in well-constructed buildings and enclosures.
Not all of these industries are found in Manitoba, but a few examples are shown here, and others have been shown in previous photos, for example, oil drilling (figures 13.11 and 13.12), gravel pits (figures 13.1 to 13.8), and mining (figures 13.9 and 13.10). Some activities associated with water—hydroelectric plants and sewage treatment plants—are included in the section on water resources.
[i] Todd, D. “
[ii] Avery, T. E. and
[iii] Avery, T. E. and
15.3: Industry in Eastern Brandon
On this photo the eastward-flowing Assiniboine River 1 is seen in the north. South of it is the Canadian Pacific Railway line 2 that spreads out into sorting yards in the west 3. A roundhouse can be seen 4, as can numerous railway cars both east 5 and west 6 of the First Street Bridge 7 that crosses both the railway line and the river. In the past the upkeep of this bridge in the City of
In the south is the CN line 10 that runs diagonally through section 13, township 10, range 19WI, a large part of which has been designated as an industrial park (
The most obvious feature in the section to the east (18,10,18WI) is a large chemical plant 19, Koch Fertilizer Canada Ltd., which manufactures mainly potash fertilizer. The plant receives raw materials on a spur from the CN line 20; several cars can be seen on it 21. Within the plant round storage tanks can be seen 22 as well as several long narrow buildings 23. Two conveyor systems are seen in the south 24, and a transformer station is located in the northwest corner 25. Worker’s cars are parked on the south side of the plant 26, and to the east is a reservoir 27 which might contain waste from the plant.
Also located in 18,10,18WI are two auto wrecker’s yards; one immediately west of the chemical plant 28 and the other in the northwest corner of the section 29. Just north of the latter is a large group of electrical transformers 30. A large irregular gravel pit, exploiting the gravels of the upper Assiniboine Delta, is located in the northeast 31.
Figure 15.3: Industry in Eastern Brandon
Vertical air photograph: A25397-109
Flight height: 9,700 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.034 mm
Scale: 1:16,700 (approx.)
Date: June 9, 1980
Location: Township 10; Ranges 18 and 19WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/13 Brandon
1:25,000 62G/13d Brandon