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Chapter 15: Industry/Manufacturing

15.2: Industry in Central and Eastern Winnipeg

This old photograph shows the essential elements in the development of the city—the rivers and the railway lines—as well as some of the industry located in Saint Boniface, east of the Red River.

The wide Red River 1, crossed by seven bridges (five road 2 and two railway 3), meanders from south to north through the city. The smaller Assiniboine River 4, crossed by six bridges (four road 5 and two railway 6), enters the Red from the west at The Forks 7. Fort Garry, the original site of the city, is located just north of this junction. Finally the Seine River 8, still treed along part of its course 9, enters the Red just below the Red/Assiniboine junction.

Winnipeg was largely created by the railways and is still today much influenced by them. On the photo, CP lines enter the city from the northeast 10 (from which runs a curved spur line 11), east 12, and south 13. These lines join and cross the Red at Point Douglas 14. Once through Point Douglas the line spreads out into rail yards that extend from Main Street 15 to Keewatin Street (off the photo to the west) a distance of over three miles (5 km).

CN lines 16 enter from the east, join in north Saint Boniface 17, cross the Red downstream from The Forks 18, and then spread out into railways at The Forks 19. Two bridges 6 carry lines across the Assiniboine and southward to Fort Rouge Yards 20, the north end of which, with a roundhouse 21, can be seen near the south edge of the photo. On the Saint Boniface side of the river a branch line runs southward in the direction of Norwood Flats 22.

In addition to these national lines the Greater Winnipeg Water District line 23 follows the direction of the aqueduct that carries water to Winnipeg from Shoal Lake on Lake of the Woods. Near the western terminus of the line are two reservoirs 24 no longer used.

The Saint Boniface industrial area, located mainly east of the Seine River, is one of three main industrial areas in Winnipeg, the other two being the Saint James Industrial area in the northwest and the Inkster Industrial Park in the north. Industries located in these two are mainly light, high-tech, and cleaner than those in Saint Boniface.

The Saint Boniface area includes several large buildings 25, some of which are probably grain elevators clearly related to the railway lines; in at least two cases 26 rail cars can be seen drawn up beside the buildings. Evidence of two other industries is visible. In the extreme east is the St. Boniface Oil Refinery 27 (no longer in operation); oil storage tanks 28 (white, circular) are seen in the west with the refining area in the east 29. Here a flare stack is producing smoke which drifts westwards 30 on an easterly wind. Another large oil storage tank 31 (circular, dark grey) is located west of the refinery. Finally on the extreme eastern edge of the photo are the sheds and holding pens 32 of the Saint Boniface Stockyards.

Figure 15.2: Industry in Central and Eastern Winnipeg

Figure 15.2: Industry in Central and Eastern Winnipeg

Figure 15.2

Vertical air photograph: A17982-3

Flight height: 12,545 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.98 mm

Scale: 1:24,000 (approx.)

Date: June 14, 1963

Location Township 10 and 11; Range 3 East

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg

                    1:50,000 62H/14 Winnipeg