Chapter 15: Industry/Manufacturing
1) extraction industries, including oil drilling, rock quarrying, gravel pits, and mining.
2) processing industries which are divided into three: a) mechanical processing including saw mills, grain mills, ore concentration plants, hydroelectric plants, water purification plants, and sewage treatment plants; b) chemical processing including petroleum refining and production of chemicals; and c) heat processing including thermal electric plants, cement production plants, and iron production plants.
3) fabrication industries which involve the “use of the output of processing industries to form or assemble finished products.”[iii] Examples are production of structural steel, shipbuilding, and locomotive and car production. These are the most difficult to identify on air photographs because activities are hidden from view in well-constructed buildings and enclosures.
Not all of these industries are found in Manitoba, but a few examples are shown here, and others have been shown in previous photos, for example, oil drilling (figures 13.11 and 13.12), gravel pits (figures 13.1 to 13.8), and mining (figures 13.9 and 13.10). Some activities associated with water—hydroelectric plants and sewage treatment plants—are included in the section on water resources.
[i] Todd, D. “
[ii] Avery, T. E. and
[iii] Avery, T. E. and
15.13: Location of an Ethanol Plant at Minnedosa
“Ethanol can be produced from any biological feedstocks that contain sugar, or materials that can be converted into sugar, such as starch or cellulose. In
The photo shows the western part of Minnedosa 1, located in the valley of the west-flowing Little Saskatchewan River 2. The ethanol plant 3 is located west of town on the north side of the Little Saskatchewan River. Nothing on the photo indicates that it is an ethanol plant. However, it is located on a railway line 4 that has many rail cars 5 on it, and it is located in a suitable wheat growing area. A similar building is located north of the railway line 6. At the date the photo was taken, the buiding was a distillery; it was not until 1980 that it became an ethanol plant that was taken over by Husky in 2000.
Other things to notice on the photo are 1) the Little Saskatchewan River has numerous cutoffs 7; 2) PTH 10 8 bypasses the town to the west and intersects PR 355 9; 3) the CP railway line runs through Minnedosa 10 and angles up the steep north side of the Little Saskatchewan valley 11; 4) a spur from the main line leads to the ethanol plant 12, and a round house 13 is located near the junction of the two lines; 5) the spur line used to continue west to the edge of the photo, but now it does not cross PTH 10 14 and PR 355 15, nor is there a bridge across the river 16 although the line can be seen on both sides 17; 6) a racetrack is located in the western part of Minnedosa 18; and 7) two gravel pits can be seen, one in the southwest 19 and the other north of the ethanol plant 20.
Figure 15.13 Vertical air photograph: A21434-44 Flight height: 9850 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 6 inches Scale: 1:16,200 (approx.) Date: June 3, 1970 Location: Township 15; Range 18WI Map sheets: 1:250,000 62J Neepawa 1:50,000 62J/5 Clanwilliam [i] Information taken from Fueling a New Economy: Exploring the Opportunities of Ethanol Production in Manitoba.
Figure 15.13: Location of an Ethanol Plant at Minnedosa
Vertical air photograph: A21434-44
Flight height: 9850 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 6 inches
Scale: 1:16,200 (approx.)
Date: June 3, 1970
Location: Township 15; Range 18WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62J Neepawa
1:50,000 62J/5 Clanwilliam
[i] Information taken from Fueling a New Economy: Exploring the Opportunities of Ethanol Production in Manitoba.