The distribution of agricultural land in south and central Manitoba is easily mapped using small-scale images that provide an overview. At a larger scale the patterns produced by various stages of harvesting provide some of the most distinctive images of southern Manitoba. Old photos record obsolete techniques, and newer images demonstrate techniques used to cope with high evaporation rates and limited precipitation (field shelterbelts and irrigation). As with natural vegetation, so too with crops, colour infrared photos are useful in detecting crop types and diseases.
The experimental farm at Morden (official name: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Station) is one of three federally run experimental farms in Manitoba (the others are at Brandon and Winnipeg). Established in 1915 it covers an area of 254 hectares east of Morden. It conducts research into plant breeding for flax, field beans, roses, and ornamental trees and shrubs. On the photo, the eastern outskirts of Morden can be seen in the west 1, and PTH 3 between Morden and Winkler (off the photo to the east) passes north of the farm 2. Small fields 3, some of which are separated by shelterbelts 4, are characteristic of experimental farms. The administrative buildings and buildings in which indoor research is conducted are located in the northwest 5. To the west 6 and south 7 are plots devoted to shrub and tree research. Plots devoted to plant research are located mainly in the east 8. The yellow fields 9 contain a cereal crop that is ready to be cut. A small drainage channel, dry at the time the photo was taken, leads off to the southeast 10.
Vertical air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: lens focal length:
Scale: 1:9,400 (approx.)
Location: Township 3; Range 5 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/3 Morden