Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
Click for chapter introduction
The distribution of agricultural land in south and central Manitoba is easily mapped using small-scale images that provide an overview. At a larger scale the patterns produced by various stages of harvesting provide some of the most distinctive images of southern Manitoba. Old photos record obsolete techniques, and newer images demonstrate techniques used to cope with high evaporation rates and limited precipitation (field shelterbelts and irrigation). As with natural vegetation, so too with crops, colour infrared photos are useful in detecting crop types and diseases.
14.25: The Frank Skinner Arboretum North of Russell
The Shell River 1 meanders southward in the eastern part of the photo on its way to the Assiniboine. It has left behind several clearly defined river terraces 2. Much of the western part of the area is covered by ground moraine with indistinct north-northeast/south-southwest trending ridges with the characteristic mottled tones of ground moraine 3. In the west, much of the land has been cleared for agriculture, but there are numerous sloughs 4 and patches of woodland 5. Where agriculture is practised there are some large fields 6, but in some cases field shape is influenced by the topography 7.
In the southern part of sections 3 and 4, township 24, range 28WI are small fields, hedges, and patches of woodland 8. This is the Frank Skinner Arboretum. It was established by Frank Skinner, pioneer horticulturist, who, over decades, gathered and planted seeds from around the world and nurtured them to full maturity, despite a harsh prairie climate. “Today, this Provincial Historic Site contains nearly 250 plant species introduced to Manitoba and features the oldest, most extensive collection of trees and shrubs on the Canadian prairies.”[i] The north/south PTH 83 is located on the west 9.
Figure 14.25: The Frank Skinner Arboretum North of Russell
Vertical air photograph: A15915-34
Flight height: 20,000 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.14 mm
Scale: 1:36,200 (approx.)
Date: October 17, 1957
Location: Township 23 and 24; Range 28 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62N Duck Mountain
1:50,000 62N/3 Roblin
[i] Senecal, C. Pelicans to Polar Bears-Watching Wildlife in Manitoba. Winnipeg: Heartland Publications, 1999, 198.