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Chapter 14: Agriculture

14.21: Field Shelterbelts Near Lyleton

During the drought of the 1930s this dry area of southwest Manitoba was subject to severe soil erosion. The Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Administration (PFRA) was established to deal with this and other farm problems. One result was the planting of field shelterbelts in severely affected areas. “A field shelter belt association was established in the Lyleton district in southwest Manitoba in 1936, and planting began the next year…. In 1952 the project covered 72 square miles, and included over 100 participants with 303 miles of hedges.”[i]

This high-level photo shows the density of belts in townships 1 and 2, range 28W1 around Lyleton 1. The belts harmonize with the DLS, trending east/west 2 or north/south 3. The photograph straddles the U.S.A./Canada border 4. Although essentially the same land division system exists on either side of the border, the two systems do not coincide exactly. In the extreme north of North Dakota is a tier of part sections 5, and north/south section lines are not continuous at the border 6 resulting in a jog on the north/south PR 256 7. Two small creeks traverse the area from west to east; Antler Creek in the south 8 is the more prominent of the two because of its dark-toned wooded banks. This creek and Gainsborough Creek 9 in the north flow east to the Souris (off the photo). In the northwest is the typical mottled tone of ground moraine topography 10. Gravel roads follow some section lines 11, and a CP spur line that finishes just west of Lyleton 12 can be seen in the east.

Figure 14.21: Field Shelterbelts Near Lyleton

Figure 14.21: Field Shelterbelts Near Lyleton

Figure 14.21

Vertical air photograph: A21821-33

Flight height: 24,000 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 85.55 mm

Scale: 1:84,000 (approx.)

Date: August 10, 1970

Location: Townships 1 and 2; Ranges 28W1 and 29W1

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden

                    1:50,000 62F/3 Gainsborough


[i] Warkentin, J. and Ruggles, R. I., op. cit.,1990, 356. Figure 174 is a map of the shelterbelts near Lyleton.