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Chapter 14: Agriculture

14.20: Dryland Farming Near Lyleton

This area in the extreme southwest of Manitoba has a dry climate with only about 450 mm (17.7 inches) of precipitation per year, 20-25 percent of which falls as snow. It is flat and open to the prevailing northwest winds. As a result crop farming is marginal.

Indistinct drainage channels 1 lead to the northeast; eventually to Gainsborough Creek that flows to the Souris River. Patches of woodland 2 and scrubland 3 together with rough land 4 along the stream channels reduce the area of cropped land. However, some fields have been cropped 5, and some are left fallow 6. One field—very dark-toned—is being cultivated 7 in preparation for next year’s crop.

In this dry environment dugouts are a prominent feature of the landscape; those in the middle of fields 8 are for livestock use, but those near farmsteads 9 are for domestic use. Farmsteads are few; only five 10 are located in this area of about six square miles. Most have well-developed shelterbelts 11.

PTH 83 runs north/south along the eastern edge 12 and the CP line 13, which ends at Lyleton just off the photo to the west, runs east/west. A single grain elevator (identified from its shadow shape) exists at Cameron 14.

Figure 14.20: Dryland Farming Near Lyleton

Figure 14.20: Dryland Farming Near Lyleton

Figure 14.20

Vertical air photograph: A16390-145

Flight height: 10,050 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.4 mm

Scale 1:18,600 (approx.)

Date: October 16, 1958

Location: Townships 1 and 2; Range 27W1

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden

                    1:50,000 62F/3 Gainsborough