Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
Click for chapter introduction
The distribution of agricultural land in south and central Manitoba is easily mapped using small-scale images that provide an overview. At a larger scale the patterns produced by various stages of harvesting provide some of the most distinctive images of southern Manitoba. Old photos record obsolete techniques, and newer images demonstrate techniques used to cope with high evaporation rates and limited precipitation (field shelterbelts and irrigation). As with natural vegetation, so too with crops, colour infrared photos are useful in detecting crop types and diseases.
14.20: Dryland Farming Near Lyleton
This area in the extreme southwest of Manitoba has a dry climate with only about 450 mm (17.7 inches) of precipitation per year, 20-25 percent of which falls as snow. It is flat and open to the prevailing northwest winds. As a result crop farming is marginal.
Indistinct drainage channels 1 lead to the northeast; eventually to Gainsborough Creek that flows to the Souris River. Patches of woodland 2 and scrubland 3 together with rough land 4 along the stream channels reduce the area of cropped land. However, some fields have been cropped 5, and some are left fallow 6. One field—very dark-toned—is being cultivated 7 in preparation for next year’s crop.
In this dry environment dugouts are a prominent feature of the landscape; those in the middle of fields 8 are for livestock use, but those near farmsteads 9 are for domestic use. Farmsteads are few; only five 10 are located in this area of about six square miles. Most have well-developed shelterbelts 11.
PTH 83 runs north/south along the eastern edge 12 and the CP line 13, which ends at Lyleton just off the photo to the west, runs east/west. A single grain elevator (identified from its shadow shape) exists at Cameron 14.
Figure 14.20: Dryland Farming Near Lyleton
Vertical air photograph: A16390-145
Flight height: 10,050 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.4 mm
Scale 1:18,600 (approx.)
Date: October 16, 1958
Location: Townships 1 and 2; Range 27W1
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62F Virden
1:50,000 62F/3 Gainsborough