Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
Click for chapter introduction
The distribution of agricultural land in south and central Manitoba is easily mapped using small-scale images that provide an overview. At a larger scale the patterns produced by various stages of harvesting provide some of the most distinctive images of southern Manitoba. Old photos record obsolete techniques, and newer images demonstrate techniques used to cope with high evaporation rates and limited precipitation (field shelterbelts and irrigation). As with natural vegetation, so too with crops, colour infrared photos are useful in detecting crop types and diseases.
14.18: Reclaimed Slough East of Somerset
This photograph shows part of the end moraine covering Pembina Mountain. In general the surface is hummocky with large sloughs often covering a quarter section, many of which are now intermittent. On the photo a large slough covering about half a section has been reclaimed for agriculture 1. Field boundaries 2 can be seen within the reclaimed area. The corner of another slough—still with water in it—can be seen in the southeast 3. A drainage channel, part of the headwaters of Cypress River, drains north 4 then west 5.
Most of the land is cropped except for some woodland around the reclaimed slough 6, along the drainage channel 7, and in a few other areas 8. Despite the relative flatness of the area, some soil erosion can be seen 9. The existence of many stone piles in the northeast 10 suggests that although the land is good for arable farming, it is not perfect.
Gravel roads follow section lines 11, and a railway line 12 cuts across the northeast corner. There are eight farmsteads 13 in this area of about six square miles.
Figure 14.18: Reclaimed Slough East of Somerset
Vertical air photograph: A16182-202
Flight height: 10,050 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.4 mm
Scale: 1:17,000 (approx.)
Date: July 22, 1958
Location: Township 5; Range 9W1
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/7 Somerset