Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
Click for chapter introduction
The distribution of agricultural land in south and central Manitoba is easily mapped using small-scale images that provide an overview. At a larger scale the patterns produced by various stages of harvesting provide some of the most distinctive images of southern Manitoba. Old photos record obsolete techniques, and newer images demonstrate techniques used to cope with high evaporation rates and limited precipitation (field shelterbelts and irrigation). As with natural vegetation, so too with crops, colour infrared photos are useful in detecting crop types and diseases.
14.17: Reclaimed Agricultural Land Southwest of The Pas
The photograph shows part of the Pasquia settlement where dikes 1 have been built on part of the Saskatchewan Delta and the reclaimed land surveyed into lots for agricultural use, the furthest north in Manitoba that agriculture is practised.
In the north is the wide, light-toned, sediment-laden Saskatchewan River 2 flowing eastward towards Lake Winnipeg. The darker-toned Carrot River 3 that in turn is joined, at a controlled entrance 4, by the Birch River 5, joins it from the southwest. The Pasquia River 6 flows into the Saskatchewan a little further east, and an artificial drainage channel 7 from the southwest joins it.
Land between the Carrot River and the Pasquia River has been drained and reclaimed for agriculture. Although some square fields can be seen 8, the land division system is not the DLS system seen on many previous photos. Nor is it a true long lot system, although some land near the Carrot River 9 seems to follow this system.[i]
Fields in the reclaimed area have various covers. Some fields are fallow (very dark-toned) 10, others have crops that are still green (not quite so dark-toned) 11, and in others grain that has turned colour is being grown (light-toned) 12. Land north of the Carrot River is covered by marshland 13 with abandoned stream channels visible in several places 14.
PR 283 15 parallels the Carrot River and enters The Pas 16 from the west. North of the Saskatchewan River are First Nations Reserves 17. Most of the reclaimed land is devoid of settlement, but some farmsteads can be seen near the edges 18.
Figure 14.17: Reclaimed Agricultural Land Southwest of The Pas
Vertical air photograph: MH 98919001-183
Flight height: 31,000 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 153.233 mm
Scale: 1:60,000 (approx.)
Date: August 29, 1998
Location: Township 55 and 56; Range 26 and 27W1
Map sheets: 1:250,000 63F The Pas
1:50,000 63F/14 The Pas
[i] For detail of survey patterns in this area see Warkentin, J. and Ruggles, R. I. Historical Atlas of Manitoba. Winnipeg: Manitoba Historical Society, 1970 figure 169, 350.