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Chapter 13: Mining and Oil Extraction

13.9: Quarries at Stonewall

Quarrying of Ordovician aged limestone began in the Stonewall area in the 1800s. After being blasted from the ground, the limestone was broken down into small pieces that were heated in kilns to produce quick lime (calcium oxide). In the 1960s Stonewall began to move away from its dependence on limestone, but the heritage is preserved in prominent limestone buildings along Main Street. On the image the abandoned quarries show up as light-toned areas 1 northeast of Stonewall 2. In some areas quarrying extended down to the water table resulting in blue/green ponds 3. Although it is not obvious on the image, one of the abandoned quarries in the northeast of town 4 has been developed into Stonewall Quarry Park, which has a museum and an interpretive program to show the history of limestone quarrying and quick lime production.

Most of the town of Stonewall, located at the junction of PTH 67 5 and PR 236 6, is shown on the image. PTH 7 7, which runs south into Winnipeg, is twinned 8 as it passes the town to the east. Also seen is the CP railway line 9 that takes a westward loop into Stonewall. Stonewall, within the Winnipeg orbit, had a population of 4,376 in 2006 (up from 4,012 in 2001) and claims to be the fastest-growing town in Manitoba.

Figure 13.9: Quarries at Stonewall

Figure 13.9: Quarries at Stonewall

Figure 13.9

Google Earth Image, Digital Globe 2006

Scale: 1:38,000 (approx.)

Location: Township 13; Ranges 1E and 2E

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62I Selkirk

                    1:50,000 62I/3 Stonewall