Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
12: The Southern Cities
Click for chapter introduction
All except one of Manitoba’s cities (Flin Flon) are located in the south. They range enormously in size from the newest, Winkler (9,106 in 2006) to Winnipeg, the capital city that has a greater population (633,451 in 2006) than all the others combined. Cities vary in form and function. Winkler, Selkirk, Portage la Prairie, Brandon and Winnipeg can be regarded as railway cities in that significant elements of their layout are railway determined. Also Selkirk, Winnipeg, Portage la Prairie and Brandon are river cities owing their existence in part to their location on the Red and Assiniboine Rivers. Steinbach is unusual in that it is not on a railway line. Its original layout was determined by a small northwest flowing stream (Steibach Creek); the result is similar to the pattern in Dauphin. In all cases development has spread beyond the original core with residential bays and crescents and some industrial areas near the fringes. The long lots based on its three rivers—the Red, Assiniboine, and Seine--profoundly influence Winnipeg’s road pattern. Numerous railway lines (past and present) are also influential in the layout of the capital.
12.2: Northwest Winkler in 2000
This large-scale colour photo obtained in 2000 allows for identification of changes since 1995 (figure 12.1) and for picking out some details not possible with the smaller scale panchromatic image. Changes that can be detected are:
1) There is increased residential development in the northwest 1.
2) Two new baseball diamonds have been added to the recreational complex in the west 2.
3) A small running track has disappeared from the central area 3.
Items that can be seen more clearly on this image than on figure 12.1 are:
1) There is a viewing stand west of the running track in the north 4.
2) A large building southwest of the track has the curved roofing style of an arena 5, and a long narrow building north of it could be a curling rink 6.
3) An area of mobile homes can be seen in the centre 7.
4) It is difficult to differentiate between churches and schools on the basis of air photo interpretation alone; buildings that may be schools 8; and those that maybe churches 9.
Figure 12.2: Northwest Winkler in 2000
Vertical colour air photo by Prairie Agri Photo
Flight height: lens focal length:
Scale: 1:9,300 (approx.)
Location: Township 3; Range 4 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62H Winnipeg
1:50,000 62H/4 Altona