All except one of Manitoba’s cities (Flin Flon) are located in the south. They range enormously in size from the newest, Winkler (9,106 in 2006) to Winnipeg, the capital city that has a greater population (633,451 in 2006) than all the others combined. Cities vary in form and function. Winkler, Selkirk, Portage la Prairie, Brandon and Winnipeg can be regarded as railway cities in that significant elements of their layout are railway determined. Also Selkirk, Winnipeg, Portage la Prairie and Brandon are river cities owing their existence in part to their location on the Red and Assiniboine Rivers. Steinbach is unusual in that it is not on a railway line. Its original layout was determined by a small northwest flowing stream (Steibach Creek); the result is similar to the pattern in Dauphin. In all cases development has spread beyond the original core with residential bays and crescents and some industrial areas near the fringes. The long lots based on its three rivers—the Red, Assiniboine, and Seine--profoundly influence Winnipeg’s road pattern. Numerous railway lines (past and present) are also influential in the layout of the capital.
The photograph, technically termed a low oblique because the horizon is not shown, was taken looking to the southeast across Brandon with the Industrial Park 1 in the background. The ethnic area of Assiniboine Gardens 2 with Saint Mary’s Ukrainian Catholic Church 3 can be seen in the foreground, north of the CP tracks 4. The Cargill grain elevators 5 in the foreground (no longer in existence) are located on the site of the old Great Northern Station. The former CP station 6, now up for sale, is located nearer the centre of the photo. A road bridge crosses the tracks at Eighth Street 7, but they still present a considerable barrier to north/south movement between First and Eighteenth Streets. The Central Business District is located south of the tracks; in this area parking lots 8 occupy almost as much space as buildings, some of the more prominent of which are Scotia Towers 9, an apartment block with businesses on the ground floor; McKenzie Seeds 10, an important local industry; and the white flat-roofed Brandon Gallery 11, the downtown mall. Further south are well-treed residential areas 12.
Oblique air photograph
Scale: Approximately 1:5,000 in foreground reducing to rear
Date: (about 1980)
Photo by Dirk Aberson
Location: Township 10; Range 19WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 62G Brandon
1:50,000 62G/13 Brandon
1:25,000 62G/13d Brandon