Table of Contents
2: Location, Borders, and Lakes
3: Geologic Structure and Landforms
6: Pre-historic and Early Historic Settlements
7: Survey Systems
8: Southern Hamlets, Villages, and Towns
9: Mennonite and Hutterite Settlements
10: First Nations Settlements
11: Northern Settlements
12: The Southern Cities
13: Mining and Oil Extraction
15: Industry / Manufacturing
16: Water Resources
17: Parks, Recreation, Sports
18: Transport and Communications: Past and Present
19: Legal Issues and Law Enforcement
11: Northern Settlements
Click for chapter introduction
Leaving aside First Nations settlements, Manitoba’s northern settlements can be grouped together as resource towns. Several are new and are clearly planned with crescents and bays, in contrast to the uniform grid of most southern settlements. However, the older settlements—the Pas, Flin Flon and Churchill—do not fit this pattern. Although all three contain planned elements, local geographical factors determine their location and form.
11.3: The City of Flin Flon
Of the lakes identified on figure 11.2, those that can be seen here are Flin Flon Lake 1, Ross Lake 2, Little Cliff Lake 3, Pine Pond 4, Hapnot Lake 5, and Louis Lake 6. Only at the north end of Flin Flon Lake 7 is the dark tone indicative of water; the rest of the lake is lighter-toned 8 indicating mine tailings with darker-toned channels running to the east and southeast 9 across them. An embankment has been built along the south and east shores of the lake 10 and a dam across it 11 to contain the tailings. An unidentified lake in the centre of the photo 12 is the city’s reservoir; a water line can be seen emanating from it in the northeast 13.
The lakes and expanses of bedrock, often with steep slopes, made planning the city’s layout difficult; hard bedrock at the surface necessitated the building of water and sewage lines in insulated tubes above ground level. In some parts the “standard” grid layout was used 14, but in other areas curved roads exist 15.
Many often-intersecting linear features that are easily identified but not so easily interpreted complicate the photograph. Perhaps the best place to start is with the readily identified PTH 10 16 that swings to the north of the city entering from the north-northwest 17. It runs through the city centre 18, intersecting a prominent east/west road (3rd Avenue East) 19. Near this intersection are many large flat-topped buildings 20 in what is the commercial centre. None of the buildings is readily identifiable, but the largest 21 is probably an arena.
Another linear feature is the railway line 22 that enters from the south along the east shore of Ross Lake and then loops to the north 23 to enter the city from that direction 24. The main HBMS complex 25 is located between the railway and PTH 10. Numerous long, narrow sheds 26 are visible west of a huge—825 feet (251 m) high—smoke stack 27.[i] Its shadow falls west-northwest 28 indicating that this is an early morning photo (as the sun was in the east-southeast). The wind at the time was from the south-southwest blowing smoke to the north-northeast 29. The railway line continues southward past Hapnot Lake 5 to another mine where the shadow of a headframe can be seen 30.
Residential areas are located east and south of the commercial district 31, east and north of Ross Lake 32, and in Creighton 33.
Figure 11.3: The City of Flin Flon
Vertical air photograph: A27718-19
Flight height: 11,050 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.934 mm
Scale: 1:20,100 (approx.)
Date: June 14, 1992
Location: Townships 66 and 67; Ranges 29 and 30 WI
Map sheets: 1:250,000 63K Cormorant Lake
1:50,000 K/13 Flin Flon
[i] For a ground photo see Young H. R. op. cit. 1996, figure 16.9, 241.