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Chapter 10: First Nations Settlements

10.11: The Peguis First Nation

The photograph shows part of the First Nation (population 2,513 in 2006), the largest in Manitoba, at about 140 square miles (363 km2). It is located on either side of the north-flowing Fisher River 1 in the central Interlake Region between Lake Winnipeg to the east and Lake Manitoba to the west. This area is underlain by rocks of Ordovician age including dolomite, dolomitic limestone, and shale that have a north-northwest/south-southeast trending strike. Lenses of wooded higher land have the same orientation 2. Between these lenses are low-lying areas with bedrock close to the surface and little surficial material. Circular patches of dark vegetation 3 probably indicate sinkholes. Narrow strips of woodland 4 on low levees border the Fisher River. Much of the land east of the river has been cleared of natural vegetation and is used for agriculture.


PR 224 5 runs roughly parallel to the river with a cluster of settlements in Peguis 6. Planted deciduous trees shelter a central area 7. Most of the buildings are too large to be individual residences; this is probably the administrative centre of the large First Nation 8. Smaller individual residences are scattered along the river 9 and PR 224 10. A large racetrack 11 with associated buildings 12 can be seen in the south. Surprisingly a second road parallels the west bank of the river 13 with individual residences between it and the river 14.

The Fisher River is flood prone in the spring; in April 2004 600 people were evacuated from the Peguis First Nation.[i]

Figure 10.11: The Peguis First Nation

Figure 10.11: The Peguis First Nation

Figure 10.11

Vertical air photograph: A20600-120

Flight height: 6,545 feet a.s.l.; lens focal length: 152.44 mm

Scale: 1:15,000 (approx.)

Date: July 12, 1968

Location: Township 27; Range 1 W

Map sheets: 1:250,000 62P Hecla

                    1:50,000 62P/5 Harwill


[i] Globe and Mail. April 10, 2004